Food Scrap Recycling Program
FOOD SCRAP COMPOSTING
The City of Oxford is offering a pilot program for residential recycling of kitchen food scraps for composting. Residents may drop off their food scraps and BPI compostable products. In addition to the compost that can go into backyard composting, this program allows for meats, dairy, bones, fats &oils as well as BPI compostable materials.
A nonprofit food scraps courier service (GoZERO Services, https://gozero.org/) has been contracted for weekly collection and transport of the food scraps to a composting operation in Ohio that are Class II permitted facilities by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (Ohio EPA) and are composting food scraps. More information regarding composting is available at the Ohio EPA’s web site.
WHEN and WHERE
Bring scraps in a resuable containter or BPI Compostable Bag. Any container of food scraps that the resident can lift and empty into GoZERO Service’s waste-wheeler carts may be used.
Dump scraps in the green bins located at 945 S. Main Street, Oxford, OH 45056. The cans are available 24/7, just outside the City of Oxford’s Streets and Maintenance Division garage facility.
A listing of currently acceptable items is below. A rule of thumb for any food scrap composting program is: “When in doubt, leave it out”. The presence of nonacceptable materials may contaminate the feedstock for the compost’s final product, possibly rendering the compost as unusable. The physical removal of any contaminants is possible but adds time, effort, and cost to the composting process. You can now compost BPI certified compostable plastic products. Look for the logo in the files below on trash can liners/bags, forks, spoons, knives, cups, bowls, plates, straws, and other service ware to know whether you can compost the product! For more information, go to the GoZERO website. To find out whether your product is certified go https://www.bpiworld.org/CertifiedCompostable.
Acceptable compostable items:
- Fruits, vegetable scraps (remove stickers, ties, and wrappers)
- Meat, fish, and bones
- Dairy Products
- BPI Compostable Materials
It is suggested that a small bowl or container be kept in the kitchen to accumulate the food scraps as they are generated during meal preparation activities and to accept plate scrapings. Keep the stored food scraps in a cool place (meat and fish scraps should be stored in the refrigerator or freezer until taken to the drop-off). Keep the containers clean to help odor reduction. GoZERO Services accepts food scraps in Biodegradable Plastic Institute (BPI) certified 6400 biodegradable liner bags.
It is estimated that approximately a third of the landfilled material is composed of materials (such as food scraps) that could be composted. Removing food scraps from the waste stream being landfilled has several benefits. Decomposition of organic materials in a landfill (in anaerobic conditions) generates methane and nitrogen gases (in conditions with limited oxygen) that are more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than carbon dioxide. Composting food scraps in a controlled manner limits or eliminates the release for these gases. Composting is considered a natural process by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (https://www.ipcc.ch/), and any carbon dioxide produced is classified as part of the natural, short-term carbon cycle and is not to be considered in computations or inventories of greenhouse gases. Additionally, removing compostable materials from the landfilled waste stream leaves more space for disposal of materials that can’t be otherwise processed, recycled, or reclaimed, thus lengthening the useful, effective lifetime of the landfill facility.
Contact the City of Oxford’s Environmental Division, at (513) 524–5274